Emmert was working on behalf of the Smithsonian Institute’s Bureau of Ethnology’s Mound Survey Project and reported to his immediate supervisor, Cyrus Thomas, who originally identified the inscription as Paleo-Cherokee.
In 1964, the inscription was noticed by Chicago patent attorney, Henriette Mertz, to have been published up-side down by the Smithsonian Institute and believed the characters to be Phoenician. 1
In 1971, the inscription was found to be a Roman era Paleo-Hebrew Judean by Dr. Cyrus Gordon (1908-2001), who was an American scholar of Near Eastern cultures and ancient languages.
This report is the most in depth look into the history and facts about the Bat Creek Stone:
AMERICAN PETROGRAPHIC SERVICES, INC.
550 Cleveland Avenue North | Saint Paul, MN 55114
Phone (651) 659-9001 | (800) 972-6364 | Fax (651) 659-1379 | www.ampetrographic.com | AA/EEO
REPORT OF ARCHAEOPETROGRAPHY INVESTIGATION
PROJECT:BAT CREEK STONE
EASTERN BAND OF CHEROKEE
INVESTIGATION 498 TSALI BLVD
CHEROKEE, NC 27719
ATTN: DON ROSE
APS JOB NO: 10-06557 DATE: JULY 14, 2010
This report presents the results of a microscopic examination of the physical and geological features of an archaeological artifact called the Bat Creek Stone that American Petrographic Services Inc. performed at the McClung Museum on the campus of the University of Tennessee in Knoxville on May 28, and June 29, 2010. The scope of our work was limited to:
1. Performing petrographic observations using reflected light microscopy and micro-photo documentation on the artifact.
2. Performing scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis.
3. Conducting a document review of the Smithsonian Institute field reports written by John W. Emmert, who discovered the artifact on February 14, 1889.
American Petrographic Services Inc. transported its microscopic equipment to the museum where staff members, Registrar Bob Pennington, and Museum Director, Jefferson Chapman, graciously provided access to their facilities and the artifact. Present during the examination were Dr. Barbara Duncan, Education Director at the Museum of the Cherokee Indian, Sharon Littlejohn, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian, and Leslie Kalen, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian.
On June 29, 2010, American Petrographic Services Inc, returned to the Science and Engineering Research Facility at the University of Tennessee to complete the examination of the artifact using the Scanning Electron Microscopy equipment on campus.
For the rest of the 21 page report on the history of this artifact and all the testing done on it to show it is authentic, it is Hebrew, and so forth, click on the link below.
AMERICAN PETROGRAPHIC SERVICES, INC. Bat Creek Stone: